Landscapes of special interest in Spain are protected in different ways, which conditions their use and management models. This is so because the nature and cultural heritage conservation policies of both the State and the Autonomous Communities set their own protection figures, resulting in a varied catalog. The aim of this research is to go beyond such differences to identify contemporary trends in landscape management, as well as ideas, guidelines and successful lines of action to operate with both change and preservation.

The research is divided into two parts. The first deals with the comparative study of an indicative selection of management plans for active landscapes of cultural interest, taking into account different conceptual, geographical and administrative contexts. Based on the results, the second part proposes bases and criteria for future management plans. The results will serve to advance the implementation of the objectives of the National Cultural Landscape Plan and will be framed within the European Landscape Convention.