The “Ibero-American Symposium on Cultural Landscape, Heritage and Projects” discussed several topics to do with cultural landscape, including those related to concepts, methodologies and projects, as well as matters on safeguarding and conservation policies. The symposium was held at a time in which Latin America was just starting to design mechanisms to protect its landscape. One important development in this regard is the enactment, by Brazil’s National Institute of Historic and Artistic Heritage (IPHAN), of the directive regulating the “Brazilian Cultural Landscape”, which is in this case defined as a “particular portion of national territory that is representative of man’s process of interaction with the natural environment, on which life and science have left their mark or attributed values”.